Soybean genome research
Soybean is one of the most important grain crops as a staple source of nutritious vegetable protein and oil for humans and livestock. Additionally, it provides industrial materials and biofuel. In Japan, soybean is an important source of traditional foods such as tofu, natto, miso and soy sauce. We have developed new strategies for effective soybean breeding through 1) analysis of the genome structure of Japanese (domestic) soybean, 2) development of DNA markers serving as landmarks of agronomically important traits, 3) development of research resources for the identifi cation of important genes in soybean, and 4) isolation of genes controlling traits of importance such as disease and pest resistance, productivity, and regional adaptability through maturity control.