>1. モパン(mopane)の繭(Gonometa postica)を使って、絹製品を製造している。
>2. 現在、繭は森から採種しているが、生育数が限られているため、蚕を人工飼育し、
>3. しかし、南アフリカには当該分野の専門家がいないので、JICAの協力を得ること
「Spore」という雑誌の Number 92, APRIL 2001に、“Silk route now through Africa”
The wild silkworm in Africa could soon be a serious competitor to
Chinese and domestic silkworms (Bombyx mori). Wild silk demands high prices,
but in many African communities the worms are consumed without knowing their
worth as the source of precious silk cloth. As part of its sericulture (silk
growing) programme in Kenya and Uganda, the International Centre of Insect
Physiology and Ecology (ICIPE) has identified at least 65 different wild
silkworms and has selected two wild species, Argema mimosae and Gonometa
spp. for their high quality silk fibre. Studies in Kenya on Gonometa spp.
show that a single acacia tree with a canopy of 8-10 square metres can host
up to 200 larvae. A two hectare orchard of 1,000 trees can yield 200,000
cocoons --worth about US$ 3,300 --annually. ICIPE is providing information,
eggs and training to farmers to take up the cultivation of wild varieties.
Thus far, 5,000 farmers have been trained, and the yield of 9 tons of silk
from Uganda last year justifies their enthusiasm with this new line of

PO Box 30772
Nairobi, Kenya
Fax: +254 2 860 110
Email: icipe@icipe.org

Chikayoshi Kitamura (NIAS/MAFF) kitamura@affrc.go.jp