Institute of Agricultural Machinery, NARO
The Institute of Agricultural Machinery, NARO (IAM/NARO) concentrates on applying robotics and ICT to agricultural work by focusing on collaborations with different research fields. Our goal is to achieve improving productivity, labor-saving, reduction of environmental burdens, and commonizing safe agricultural work by R&D of leading edge agricultural machinery and technology.
Robotic farming for large-scale agriculture
Presented at the G7 Science Ministerial Meeting, Tsukuba
The IAM/NARO research on agricultural robotics and the implementation of autonomous farming to address issues of managing large farms with minimal labor was presented at the exhibition hall of the G7 Science and Technology Ministers' Meeting held in Tsukuba on May 15-17, 2016. A video presentation of robots that can perform the most labor-intensive processes of farming such as soil preparation, transplanting and harvesting using recent advances in information and communication technology was shown throughout the exhibit. These agricultural robots allow highly efficient operations on standard Japanese farms, thereby reducing labor cost while increasing the work efficiency. The automated farm machinery is guided by a global positioning system (GPS) and an altitude sensor to perform tasks from tilling to harvesting with accuracy. It operates simply with the aid of one operator monitoring the progress of each task. The automated tractor is self-driving and performs soil preparation such as tilling and puddling using a computer that controls the steering, engine and travel speed depending on the operating conditions.