Center for Seeds and Seedlings, NARO

Seed Inspection

Germination test

The Plant Variety Protection and Seed Act designates particularly important kinds of plants as 'designated seeds and seedlings' and obligates the trader to attach the label that tells prescribed items to those for sale. The Act also prescribes the criteria to be met regarding production, handling, etc. of designated vegetable seeds.NCSS implements label examinations and seed quality testing, provides guidance to seed producers and traders for ensuring appropriate distribution of seeds and seedlings, and issues seed quality certificates.NCSS is also concerned in official control of GM seed and seedling distribution.

1. Inspection under the Designated Seed and Seedlings System
     Label examination and quality test of seed (germination, variety purity, seed health, GM seed, etc.).
2. Seed test and certification based on requests
     Quality testing (germination, purity, moisture, seed health, other seeds) and issue of International seed Analysis certificates.Measurement of radioactivity of seed and issue of test report.
3. Official control of vegetable seeds exported to EU
     Inspection of records the production of seed and examination of variety purity.

Needs for seed health test and GM seed analysis are increasing under such circumstances that seed distribution is more internationalized.NCSS is an accredited member laboratory of International Seed Testing Association, implements seed test based on International Seed Testing Rules and issues certificates. NCSS also participates in the OECD Seed Scheme.

ISTA LICENSE
ISTA LICENSE

   Number of examinations of seeds and seedlings
Fiscal Year2002200320042005200620072008200920102011
Label Examination 19,497 19,948 18,947 18,555 16,376 17,135 17,776 17,319 15,821 16,489
Quality TestingVariety Purity Test 131 86 152 146 130 161 160 173 182 172
Purity Analysis 3,296 3,407 3,324 3,234 2,827 2,866 2,702 2,720 2,739 2,781
Germination Test 3,296 3,407 3,324 3,234 2,827 2,866 2,702 2,720 2,739 2,781
Seed Health Test 161 147 145 142 165 169 173 184 190 194
GMO Test 17 17 21 31 33 34 35 36 36 36
Quality CertificationDomestic 679 755 702 688 625 615 786 708 633 504
Seed Sample Certificate
(International)
103 156 154 134 148 118 145 181 196 205
Seed Lot Certificate
(International)
144 151 196 168 173 141 149 143 148 116

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