National Institute of Animal Health, NARO
Livestocks play an important role in our lives. Animal products such as milk, meat, and eggs supply the proteins we need to stay healthy and build strong bodies. Safe, high quality animal products are produced from healthy livestocks. Animals also contribute to the advancement of biotechnology and life sciences. The preservation of animal health through the implementation of preventive measures to contain various diseases is an important goal. The National Institute of Animal Health (NIAH) covers basic research to diagnosis and contributes to support animal health.
Genetic characteristics of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI)
Updated on Dec 15, 2016
In the National Institute of Animal Health NARO, we identified the subtypes of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) virus which isolated from Aomori and Niigata cases on November 28. We performed the whole genome analysis to estimate the origin and pathogenicity of the virus at the gene level. We identified HPAI causative virus (Aomori strain, Niigata strain) which isolated in Aomori and Niigata Prefectures as H5N6 subtype highly pathogenic avian influenza virus (HPAIV). Using the next-generation sequencer, we determined the nucleotide sequences of 99.5% (Aomori strain) and 100% (Niigata strain) of each virus genome. The nucleotide sequences of the two viruses have mutual homology of 99.2% or more in all of the 8 RNA segments each other. In addition, both viruses showed 99.3% or more homology with the virus which is isolated from the water of the nesting place of hooded crane of Izumi City, Kagoshima.Click here to read more
Technical support in the fight against FMD and TADs for Mongolia through the OIE
Updated on Jan 6, 2016
The National Institute of Animal Health (NIAH) provides technical support in the fight against foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) and other transboundary animal diseases (TADs) for Mongolia through the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE). FMD is one of the most feared livestock diseases: it is highly infectious and a serious threat to the economic value of livestock. The NIAH, which is the only institution providing definite diagnosis of FMD in Japan, has been designated as a collaborating center of the OIE. The NIAH decided to provide technical support to the State Central Veterinary Laboratory (SCVL) in Mongolia to improve the diagnostic techniques for FMD and other TADs through the twinning project, which has been approved by the OIE.