The Institute of Agricultural Machinery, NARO (IAM/NARO) concentrates on applying robotics and ICT to agricultural work by focusing on collaborations with different research fields. Our goal is to achieve improving productivity, labor-saving, reduction of environmental burdens, and commonizing safe agricultural work by R&D of leading edge agricultural machinery and technology.
In order to promote data collaboration that crosses the barriers between the system, a Crop Vocabulary that can be referenced by computer was built. This Crop Vocabulary offers services such as providing agricultural chemical reference information for food crops, foreign language notation, support for collecting genetic information and contributes for promoting the usage of standard crop names recommended by the government.Read more
Institute of Agricultural Machinery, NARO (IAM/NARO) collaborated with few public and private enterprises and developed a robot for cleaning swine buildings. The target is for pig farms with 200 mother pigs, which cover majority of the Japanese pig farms. This robot can replace farmers in carrying out the cleaning work in swine buildings under severe environments. By the thorough cleaning and disinfection, the risk of the diseases will be reduced ensuring the safety and reliability to the consumers.Read more
NARO collaborated with the Agricultural Information Design Co., Ltd. to develop an electronic control unit (ECU) for agricultural machinery, and as a result, formal certification of ISOBUS, an international standard for communication control common technology was obtained, the first time for a domestic technology.Read more
The IAM/NARO research on agricultural robotics and the implementation of autonomous farming to address issues of managing large farms with minimal labor was presented at the exhibition hall of the G7 Science and Technology Ministers' Meeting held in Tsukuba on May 15-17, 2016. A video presentation of robots that can perform the most labor-intensive processes of farming such as soil preparation, transplanting and harvesting using recent advances in information and communication technology was shown throughout the exhibit. These agricultural robots allow highly efficient operations on standard Japanese farms, thereby reducing labor cost while increasing the work efficiency. The automated farm machinery is guided by a global positioning system (GPS) and an altitude sensor to perform tasks from tilling to harvesting with accuracy. It operates simply with the aid of one operator monitoring the progress of each task. The automated tractor is self-driving and performs soil preparation such as tilling and puddling using a computer that controls the steering, engine and travel speed depending on the operating conditions.