Key to the alatae viviparae of Japanese Cinara

Key for Apterae >>

Alatae of following species have not been available to the present study: C. etsuhoe and C. sp. B, C and E.
1.
Rostral IV with 16 - 41 accessory setae arranged in 4 (sometimes 6) longitudinal rows. Antennal II with 17 - 26 and base of VI with 13 - 31 setae
....................................................................................... 2
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Rostral IV with 4 - 17 accessory setae arranged in only 2 rows along the stylet groove. Antennal II with 5 - 20 and base of VI with 5 - 22 setae
....................................................................................... 6
2(1)
Long haired: antennal III 2.0 - 3.7 x longest hair on it and 1.1 - 1.3 x maximum diameter of the siphuncular cone. Hind tibia 9 - 13 x longest hair on it. Antennal V 1.1 - 1.3 x VI. From Abies
....................................................................................... 3
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Shorter haired: antennal III 7 - 25 x longest hair on it and 1.5 - 2.1 x diameter of the siphuncular cone. Hind tibia 23 - 80 x longest hair on it. Antennal V 1.35 - 2.40 x VI. From Pinus or Larix
....................................................................................... 4
3(2)
Hind tarsal II 2.5 - 2.6 x hind tarsal I and 0.9 - 1.3 x rostral IV which is 1.9 - 2.8 x hind tarsal I
....................................................................................... C. todocola
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Hind tarsal II 2.4 - 2.5 x hind tarsal I and 1.5 - 1.6 x rostral IV which is 1.6 - 1.7 x hind tarsal I
....................................................................................... C. sp. A
4(2)
Antennal III bearing 21 - 23 rhinaria and 7 - 8 x longest hair on it. Hind tibia 20 - 30 x its longest hair. Antennal V 1.35 - 1.75 x VI. Rostral IV 2.2 - 2.4 x hind tarsal I. Processus terminalis bearing only 4 short subapical setae. From Pinus
....................................................................................... C. watanabei
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Antennal III bearing 5 - 15 rhinaria and 11 - 15 x its longest hair. Hind tibiae 50 - 95 x its longest hair. Antennal V 1.75 - 2.40 x VI. Rostral IV 1.5 - 2.0 or 2.9 - 3.5 x hind tarsal I. Processus terminalis bearing 5 - 8 short subapical setae, sometimes with fused bases so that 5 setae may arise from only 4 bases
....................................................................................... 5
5(4)
Rostral IV 1.5 - 2.0 x hind tarsal I. Hind tarsal II 1.2 - 1.4 x rostral IV. Base of antennal VI bearing 10 - 18 hairs. Abdominal tergite V with 25 - 40 hairs between the siphuncular cones. From Larix
....................................................................................... C. kochi
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Rostral IV 2.9 - 3.5 x hind tarsal I. Hind tarsal II 0.70 - 0.85 x rostral IV. Base of antennal VI bearing 24 - 31 hairs. Abdominal tergite V densely hairy between the siphuncular cones. From Pinus
....................................................................................... C. sorini
6(1)
Antennal III 3.5 - 5.0 x diameter of the small siphuncular cones (0.09 - 0.15 mm) which are only 1.5 - 2.5 times as wide as the length of the processus terminalis. Head, thorax, tibiae and most of femora black, abdominal muscle plates, genital plate and spiracular plates dark but abdominal tergites including the 8th pale. From Picea
....................................................................................... C. horii
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Antennal III 0.8 - 2.6 x diameter of the siphuncular cones (0.17 - 1.0 mm) which are 4 - 20 times as wide as the length of the processus terminalis. At least abdominal tergite VIII pigmented
....................................................................................... 7
7(6)
Very short haired: hind tibia 65 - 120 x its longest hair. Antennal III 17 - 26 x its longest hair. Antennal V 1.8 - 2.3 x VI. Rostral IV 1.5 - 1.9 x hind tarsal I and bearing 10 - 17 accessory hairs. Processus terminalis with 7 - 11 subapical setae. From Picea
....................................................................................... C. piceae
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Short haired: hind tibia 35 - 50 x its longest hair. Antennal III 11 - 15 x its longest hair. Antennal V 1.3 - 2.0 x VI. Rostral IV 0.8 - 1.6 x hind tarsal II, bearing 6 - 8 accessory hairs. Processus terminalis with 4 subapical setae
....................................................................................... 8
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Hairs of medium length: hind tibia 12 - 34 x its longest hair. Longest hair on abdominal tergite III 70 - 190 µ
....................................................................................... 9
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Long haired: hind tibia 4.5 - 12 x its longest hair. Longest hair on abdominal tergite III 105 - 240 µ long
....................................................................................... 19
8(7)
Hind tarsal II 1.25 - 1.50 x rostral IV and 1.8 - 2.0 x hind tarsal I. Rostral IV 1.3 - 1.6 x hind tarsal I. Antennal V 1.3 - 1.6 x VI. Secondary rhinaria distributed on antennal III 4 - 7, IV 0 - 2 and V 1. Accessory rhinaria laterad to primary rhinarium on antennal VI. Abdominal tergite VIII bearing an unbroken transverse band. From Pinus
....................................................................................... C. formosana
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Hind tarsal II 2.1 - 2.6 x rostral IV and 2.2 - 2.3 x hind tarsal I. Rostral IV 0.8 - 1.1 x hind tarsal I. Antennal V 1.9 - 2.0 x VI. Secondary rhinaria distributed on antennal III 10 - 15, IV 1 - 4 and V 1 - 3. Accessory rhinaria proximad to primary rhinarium on antennal VI. Abdominal tergite VIII with pigmented band broken in mid dorsal line. From Larix
....................................................................................... C. laricicola
9(7)
Antennal V without secondary rhinaria and only 1.1 - 1.4 x VI. Antennal IV usually without, rarely with one rhinarium. Rostral IV only 0.9 - 1.1 x hind tarsal I. Antennal III 4.2 - 5.1 x its longest hair. Longest hair on abdominal tergite III 120 - 160 µ. Abdominal tergite VIII with a broad hair bearing dark band unbroken mid dorsally. From Pinus
....................................................................................... C. piniformosana
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Antennal V usually with a secondary rhinarium and 1.4 - 2.7 x VI. Antennal IV usually with at least one rhinarium. Rostral IV 1.0 - 1.4 x hind tarsal I, when less than 1.1 then antennal III 7 - 12 x its longest hair and longest hair on abdominal tergite III only 70 - 110 µ. Hair bearing band on abdominal tergite VIII broken mid dorsally
....................................................................................... 10
10(9)
Hind tarsal II 0.9 - 1.2 x rostral IV which is 2.2 - 2.8 x hind tarsal I and 2.2 - 2.6 x rostral V. Antennal III 3.1 - 4.1 x its longest hair. Hind tibia 12 - 15 x its longest hair. Chitinized stylet track of rostral II+III 1.4 - 1.7 mm. Longest hair on abdominal tergite III 105 - 135 µ. Both antennal II and base of VI with 13 - 20 hairs. Rostral IV with 8 - 14 accessory hairs
....................................................................................... 11
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Hind tarsal II 1.35 - 2.10 x rostral IV which is 1.10 - 1.65 x hind tarsal I and 1.6 - 2.4 x rostral V. Antennal III 4.4 - 12 x its longest hair. Hind tibia 15 - 30 x its longest hair. Stylet track of rostral II+III 0.9 - 1.4 mm. Longest hair on abdominal tergite III 50 - 120 µ. Antennal II bearing 5 - 19 hairs, base of VI with 7 - 17 hairs. Rostral IV with 4 - 9 accessory hairs
....................................................................................... 12
11(10)
Processus terminalis with 5 or 6 short subapical setae. From Pinus
....................................................................................... C. orientalis
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Processus terminalis with only 4 short subapical setae. From Picea
....................................................................................... C. pruinosa ezoana
12(10)
Longer haired: antennal III 3.0 - 5.0 x its longest hair, hind tibia 13 - 22 x its longest hair. Longest hair on abdominal tergite III 120 - 180 µ. Antennal II bearing 13 - 19 hairs, base of VI with 9 - 17 hairs. From Abies, Picea or Pinus
....................................................................................... 13
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Shorter haired: antennal III 5.3 - 12 x its longest hair, hind tibia 16 - 30 x its longest hair. Longest hair on abdominal tergite III 65 - 120 µ. Antennal II bearing 5 - 12 hairs, base of VI with 5 - 16 hairs. From Larix or Pinus
....................................................................................... 16
13(12)
Hind tarsal II 2.4 - 2.7 x I. Hind tibia 13 - 16 x its longest hair. Rostral IV 1.6 - 2.0 x V. Base of antennal VI bearing 11 - 17 hairs. Abdominal tergite V bearing 25 - 45 hairs between the siphuncular cones. Secondary rhinarium on antennal V 2 or more diameters away from the primary rhinarium. From Picea or Pinus
....................................................................................... 14
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Hind tarsal II 2.7 - 3.5 x I. Hind tibia 16 - 22 x its longest hair. Rostral IV 1.9 - 2.5 x V. Base of antennal VI bearing 9 - 11 hairs. Abdominal tergite V bearing more than 50 hairs between the siphuncular cones. Secondary rhinarium on antennal V placed about one diameter away from the primary rhinarium. From Abies
....................................................................................... 15
14(13)
Antennal V 1.2 - 1.4 x VI. Hind tarsal II 1.5 - 1.6 x rostral IV which is 1.6 - 1.8 x hind tarsal I. From Pinus
....................................................................................... C. pinidensiflorae
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Antennal V 1.5 - 1.8 x VI. Hind tarsal II 1.7 - 1.8 x rostral IV which is 1.2 - 1.5 x hind tarsal I. From Picea
....................................................................................... C. sp. D
15(13)
Hind tarsal II 2.7 - 3.0 x I. Antennal III 1.2 - 1.5 x diameter of siphuncular cone which is 10 - 13 x processus terminalis. Antennal V (1.3 -) 1.5 - 1.7 x VI. Antennal II bearing 13 - 15 hairs. Body length 5.2 - 7.0 mm
....................................................................................... C. longipennis
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Hind tarsal II 3.2 - 3.5 x I. Antennal III 1.6 - 2.6 x diameter of the siphuncular cone which is 6 - 8 x processus terminalis. Antennal V 1.3 - 1.5 x VI. Antennal II bearing 15 - 18 hairs. Body length 3.7 - 5.9 mm
....................................................................................... C. hattorii
16(12)
Secondary rhinarium on antennal V close to the primary rhinarium, only about one rhinarial diameter apart. Antennal V 1.7 - 2.7 x VI. Antennal III 7 - 12 x its longest hair. Chitinized stylet track of rostral II+III 1.0 - 1.15 mm. Antennal II bearing 5 - 9 hairs, base of VI with 4 - 7 hairs. From Larix
....................................................................................... 17
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Secondary rhinarium of antennal V placed 2 or more rhinarial diameters from the primary rhinarium. Antennal V 1.40 - 1.75 x VI. Antennal III 5.3 - 7.2 x its longest hair. Chitinized stylet track of rostral II+III usually longer (1.25 - 1.40 mm) or shorter (0.9 - 1.0 mm). Antennal II bearing 7 - 12 hairs, base of VI with 7 - 16 hairs. From Pinus
....................................................................................... 18
17(16)
Siphuncular cone with a multiple inner ring of 35 - 40 setae similar to the 8 - 10 of the peripheral ring. Dorsal abdominal hairs on anterior tergites 50 - 80 µ long, without or with only very small pigmented scleroites at their base
....................................................................................... C. chibii
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Siphuncular cone with a single inner ring of 7 - 11 setae that are finer than the 4 - 8 of the peripheral ring. Dorsal abdominal hairs on anterior tergites 70 - 110 µ long and arising from evident dark scleroites many times the diameter of the hair bases
....................................................................................... C. laricis
18(16)
Antennal V 1.50 - 1.75 x VI and 1.1 - 1.3 x hind tarsal II which is 1.35 - 1.50 x rostral IV which is 2.0 - 2.4 x rostral V and 1.35 - 1.65 x hind tarsal I. Larger, body mostly 3.8 - 4.3 mm, with more numerous but shorter hairs. Longest hair on abdominal tergite III 65 - 100 µ. Antennal III 6.0 - 7.2 x its longest hair. Antennal II bearing 9 - 12 hairs, base of VI with 12 - 16 hairs. Rostral IV bearing 7 - 9 accessory hairs. Genital plate bearing 34 - 41 or more hairs. Abdominal tergite V bearing 44 or more hairs between the siphuncular cones, tergite VIII with 29 - 42 hairs. From Pinus pumila
....................................................................................... C. cembrae
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Antennal V 1.4 - 1.5 x VI and 0.8 - 1.1 x hind tarsal II which is 1.5 - 2.1 x rostral IV which is 1.7 - 2.1 x rostral V and 1.1 - 1.4 x hind tarsal I. Smaller aphids, body 2.9 - 3.5 mm, with fewer but longer hairs. Longest dorsal hair on abdominal tergite III 110 - 120 µ. Antennal III 5 - 6 x its longest hair. Antennal II bearing 7 - 9 hairs, base of VI with 7 - 10 hairs. Rostral IV bearing 4 - 6, rarely 7 accessory hairs. Genital plate bearing 18 - 28 hairs. Abdominal tergite V with 17 - 24 hairs between the siphuncular cones, tergite VIII with 20 - 25 hairs. From Pinus and mostly P. parviflora
....................................................................................... C. shinjii
19(7)
Antennal III 4.2 - 5.1 x its longest hair
....................................................................................... 20
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Antennal III 2.0 - 4.2 x its longest hair
....................................................................................... 22
20(19)
Rostral IV 0.9 - 1.1 x hind tarsal I. Rarely with secondary rhinaria on either antennal IV or V. Abdominal tergite VIII with a broad pigmented band unbroken mesially. From Pinus
....................................................................................... C. piniformosana
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Rostral IV 1.4 - 2.0 x hind tarsal I. Often with 1 - 3 secondary rhinaria on antennal IV and/or V. Abdominal tergite VIII with pigmented band broken mesially
....................................................................................... 21
21(20)
Hind tarsal II 2.5 - 2.6 x hind tarsal I and 1.5 - 1.6 x rostral IV which bears 8 accessory hairs. Hind tibia 13 - 14 x longest hair on it. From Pinus
....................................................................................... C. pinidensiflorae
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Hind tarsal II 3.1 - 3.5 x hind tarsal I and 1.6 - 1.9 x rostral IV which bears 4 - 6 accessory hairs. Hind tibia 6.5 - 11 x longest hair on it. From Picea
....................................................................................... C. nopporoensis
22(19)
Hind tibia 12 - 14 x its longest hair
....................................................................................... 23
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Hind tibia 4.5 - 11.5 x its longest hair
....................................................................................... 24
23(22)
Antennal V 0.75 - 1.15 x VI. Rostral IV 1.7 - 2.0 x hind tarsal I. Hind tarsal II 3.6 - 3.9 x hind tarsal I and 1.8 - 2.2 x rostral IV which bears 5 - 6 accessory hairs. From Picea
....................................................................................... C. horii
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Antennal V 1.60 - 1.85 x VI. Rostral IV 2.2 - 2.5 x hind tarsal I. Hind tarsal II 2.3 - 2.7 x hind tarsal I and 1.0 - 1.2 x rostral IV which bears 8 - 14 accessory hairs. From Pinus
....................................................................................... C. orientalis
24(22)
Media of forewing only once branched. Forewing pigmented near apex and near apex of vein Cu1b. Hind tarsal II 1.3 - 1.7 x rostral IV. Secondary rhinaria distributed on antennal III 1 - 3, IV 1 - 2 and V 0 - 2. From Picea
....................................................................................... C. costata
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Media of forewing twice branched, wing membrane pale. Hind tarsal II 1.6 - 2.2 x rostral IV. Secondary rhinaria distributed on antennal III 1 - 11, IV 0 - 4 and V 1 - 2. From Abies, Tsuga and Cupressaceae
....................................................................................... 25
25(24)
Primary rhinaria on both antennal V and VI with chitinized rims. Processus terminalis with 4 subapical setae. Hind tarsal II 3.3 - 3.7 x hind tarsal I. From Tsuga
....................................................................................... C. ozawai
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Primary rhinarium of antennal V without a chitinized rim. Processus terminalis usually with only 3 subapical setae. Hind tarsal II 2.6 - 3.5 x hind tarsal I
....................................................................................... 26
26(25)
Tibiae black, in marked contrast to the basal three quarters of the femora which are pale or mottled, only about the apical 20 % of the femora dark like the tibiae. Hind tibia rather short (1.3 - 1.7 mm), 4.5 - 5.9 x longest hairs (280 - 310 µ) on them. Primary rhinarium on antennal VI with a chitinized rim. From Abies
....................................................................................... C. matsumurana
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Tibiae pale in the middle or completely black, in which case the femora are also dark over most of their length, with only the basal 1/3 or less paler. Hind tibiae 5.7 - 8.6 x its longest hair. Primary rhinarium on antennal VI without a chitinized rim. From Cupressaceae
....................................................................................... 27
27(26)
Tibiae pale to dusky, rarely dark brown, except for the distal apex which is dark brown. Processus terminalis 10 - 30 µ long, 8 - 16 % of the total length of the antennal VI. Antennal III 300 - 450 µ long, 1.0 - 1.9 but rarely less than 1.3 x diameter of the siphuncular cone. Antennal V 160 - 200 µ long. Longest hair on abdominal tergite VIII 130 - 210 µ long. Hind tarsal II 240 - 330 µ long, 0.7 - 1.4, usually 1.0 - 1.3 x diameter of siphuncular cone. From many Cupressaceae but particularly Thuja orientalis
....................................................................................... C. tujafilina
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Tibiae black, or black at base and apex and dark brown in middle. Processus terminalis 35 - 80 µ long, 14 - 29 % of total length of antennal VI. Antennal III 350 - 600 µ long, 0.8 - 1.6 but rarely more than 1.3 x diameter of the siphuncular cone. Antennal V 180 - 300 µ, rarely less than 200 µ. Longest hair on abdominal tergite VIII 190 - 260 µ. Hind tarsal II 280 - 400 µ long, 0.6 - 1.2 (usually 0.7 - 1.0) x diameter of siphuncular cone. From Cupressus and Juniperus
....................................................................................... 28
28(27)
Hind tarsal II 1.6 - 2.1 (usually 1.7 - 2.0) x rostral IV, which bears 5 - 8 accessory hairs. Antennal II bearing 10 - 14 hairs. Antennal III 1.2 - 1.6 (rarely less than 1.3) x hind tarsal II. Base of antennal VI 0.8 - 1.3 (usually 1.0 - 1.3) x rostral IV. Longest hair on abdominal tergite VIII 0.9 - 1.2 x longest hair on antennal III. Radial sector of forewing often not reaching wing apex. From Cupressus and Juniperus spp.
....................................................................................... C. fresai
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Hind tarsal II 2.0 - 2.8 (usually 2.4 - 2.6) x rostral IV, which bears 4 accessory hairs. Antennal II bearing 7 - 11 hairs. Antennal III 1.0 - 1.3 x Hind tarsal II. Base of antennal VI 1.1 - 1.7 (usually 1.4 - 1.6) x rostral IV. Longest hair on abdominal tergite VIII 1.2 - 1.4 x longest hair on antennal III. Radial sector reaching wing apex. From Juniperus communis and J. rigida
....................................................................................... C. juniperii

Key for Apterae >>
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